A shooting outside a Trinidad mosque has killed one man and wounded two more following prayers. Police say the men were shot as they drove away from the compound of the radical Jamaat al Muslimeen group on Friday.
URP foreman and reputed leader of the Dan Kelly Gang, Leroy Tony Nickie, aka “Dreadie”, of Picton, Laventille, is dead while his companions, Assam Harris and Olatungi Benbow, both of Laventille, are warded at the Port-of-Spain General Hospital being treated for gunshot wounds.
It was reported that the three men had just completed their Friday prayer (Juma’ah Salat) at the mosque, at about 2.30 pm, and were in good spirits as they prepared to exit the compound in a blue Nissan Almera, which was driven by Nickie.
As Nickie drove out, they were intercepted by a grey Nissan B12 car which was reportedly waiting on Mucurapo Road, facing west. The B12 had two occupants, one of whom opened fire on the Almera as it came out of the compound.
Speaking to reporters, Nickie’s common-law wife, June Vincent, of Eastern Quarry, Laventille, condemned the actions of the gunmen and called on the police to bring to justice all persons who were involved in the shooting. “This thing is getting out of hand. All this shooting and killing in this country, it is getting too real. Imagine they came and did this right outside the mosque? Right after prayers? That’s not right,”
Persons who were at the Jamaat at the time of the shooting identified Nickie to the police who recognised him as a suspect in several murders. Police records from the Repeat Offenders Programme indicate Nickie had been under surveillance for several years and sources described him as the leader of the Dan Kelly Gang, named after an area in Picton, Laventille.
Attempts to reach Imam Yasin Abu Bakr, head of the Jamaat-al-Muslimeen, proved unsuccessful. However, Abu Bakr’s son, Fuad, said the Jamaat-al-Muslimeen were distancing themselves from the murder, and denied statements that Nickie was a member. He explained yesterday was a day of prayer, and in keeping with this, the Jamaat does not stop anyone who wishes to visit the mosque to pray.
Jamaat al Muslimeen staged an attempted coup in 1990 in which 24 people were killed. The group stormed Parliament and took the prime minister and his Cabinet hostage. Some of its members have since been accused of shootings, kidnappings and bank robberies.
News that vuvuzelas and other musical instruments are to be permitted at this year’s Wimbledon has been greeted enthusiastically by tennis fans as they prepare for the tournament next week. ‘Whilst Wimbledon has always maintained a quiet air of English dignity, it’s fair to say that hitherto the games have lacked a certain atmosphere,’ said Derek Howorth, president of the Lawn Tennis Association. ‘But we are confident that players and fans alike will delight in the addition of the South African horns to the spectator stands, playing such rousing anthems as The Great Escape, Self-Preservation Society and Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto in E flat major.’
Top seeds have been equally enthusiastic about the changes, hoping that the crowd participation will spur them on the sporting greatness. ‘I feel that while I have a solid groundstroke, superb first serve and ability to switch seamlessly from defensive to offensive play, what my game has really been missing is a heartfelt rendition of ‘You Must Have Come in A Taxi’ on a toy trumpet at matchpoint,’ says British hopeful Andy Murray, who is said to be highly amused by plans afoot from foreign supporters to tease him with chants of ‘Devolution’ sung to the tune ‘Bread of Heaven’.
Quincy Jones music for The Italian Job, incorporating several old cockney tunes and the tune which became known as The Self Preservation Society cut into some of the best bits of the film. Three Mini Coopers in the elegance of Turin. Enjoy; they don't remake them like this.
Careerism, Quantity As Quality, And The Education Industry
une 13, 2010
We Must Stop the Avalanche of Low-Quality Research
Michael Glenwood for The Chronicle
By Mark Bauerlein, Mohamed Gad-el-Hak, Wayne Grody, Bill McKelvey, and Stanley W. Trimble
Everybody agrees that scientific research is indispensable to the nation's health, prosperity, and security. In the many discussions of the value of research, however, one rarely hears any mention of how much publication of the results is best. Indeed, for all the regrets one hears in these hard times of research suffering from financing problems, we shouldn't forget the fact that the last few decades have seen astounding growth in the sheer output of research findings and conclusions. Just consider the raw increase in the number of journals. Using Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, Michael Mabe shows that the number of "refereed academic/scholarly" publications grows at a rate of 3.26 percent per year (i.e., doubles about every 20 years). The main cause: the growth in the number of researchers.
Many people regard this upsurge as a sign of health. They emphasize the remarkable discoveries and breakthroughs of scientific research over the years; they note that in the Times Higher Education'sranking of research universities around the world, campuses in the United States fill six of the top 10 spots. More published output means more discovery, more knowledge, ever-improving enterprise.
If only that were true.
While brilliant and progressive research continues apace here and there, the amount of redundant, inconsequential, and outright poor research has swelled in recent decades, filling countless pages in journals and monographs. Consider this tally from Science two decades ago: Only 45 percent of the articles published in the 4,500 top scientific journals were cited within the first five years after publication. In recent years, the figure seems to have dropped further. In a 2009 article in Online Information Review, Péter Jacsó found that 40.6 percent of the articles published in the top science and social-science journals (the figures do not include the humanities) were cited in the period 2002 to 2006.
As a result, instead of contributing to knowledge in various disciplines, the increasing number of low-cited publications only adds to the bulk of words and numbers to be reviewed. Even if read, many articles that are not cited by anyone would seem to contain little useful information. The avalanche of ignored research has a profoundly damaging effect on the enterprise as a whole. Not only does the uncited work itself require years of field and library or laboratory research. It also requires colleagues to read it and provide feedback, as well as reviewers to evaluate it formally for publication. Then, once it is published, it joins the multitudes of other, related publications that researchers must read and evaluate for relevance to their own work. Reviewer time and energy requirements multiply by the year. The impact strikes at the heart of academe.
Among the primary effects:
Too much publication raises the refereeing load on leading practitioners—often beyond their capacity to cope. Recognized figures are besieged by journal and press editors who need authoritative judgments to take to their editorial boards. Foundations and government agencies need more and more people to serve on panels to review grant applications whose cumulative page counts keep rising. Departments need distinguished figures in a field to evaluate candidates for promotion whose research files have likewise swelled.
The productivity climate raises the demand on younger researchers. Once one graduate student in the sciences publishes three first-author papers before filing a dissertation, the bar rises for all the other graduate students.
The pace of publication accelerates, encouraging projects that don't require extensive, time-consuming inquiry and evidence gathering. For example, instead of efficiently combining multiple results into one paper, professors often put all their students' names on multiple papers, each of which contains part of the findings of just one of the students. One famous physicist has some 450 articles using such a strategy.
In addition, as more and more journals are initiated, especially the many new "international" journals created to serve the rapidly increasing number of English-language articles produced by academics in China, India, and Eastern Europe, libraries struggle to pay the notoriously high subscription costs. The financial strain has reached a critical point. From 1978 to 2001, libraries at the University of California at Los Angeles, for example, saw their subscription costs alone climb by 1,300 percent.
The amount of material one must read to conduct a reasonable review of a topic keeps growing. Younger scholars can't ignore any of it—they never know when a reviewer or an interviewer might have written something disregarded—and so they waste precious months reviewing a pool of articles that may lead nowhere.
Finally, the output of hard copy, not only print journals but also articles in electronic format downloaded and printed, requires enormous amounts of paper, energy, and space to produce, transport, handle, and store—an environmentally irresponsible practice.
Let us go on.
Experts asked to evaluate manuscripts, results, and promotion files give them less-careful scrutiny or pass the burden along to other, less-competent peers. We all know busy professors who ask Ph.D. students to do their reviewing for them. Questionable work finds its way more easily through the review process and enters into the domain of knowledge. Because of the accelerated pace, the impression spreads that anything more than a few years old is obsolete. Older literature isn't properly appreciated, or is needlessly rehashed in a newer, publishable version. Aspiring researchers are turned into publish-or-perish entrepreneurs, often becoming more or less cynical about the higher ideals of the pursuit of knowledge. They fashion pathways to speedier publication, cutting corners on methodology and turning to politicking and fawning strategies for acceptance.
Such outcomes run squarely against the goals of scientific inquiry. The surest guarantee of integrity, peer review, falls under a debilitating crush of findings, for peer review can handle only so much material without breaking down. More isn't better. At some point, quality gives way to quantity.
Academic publication has passed that point in most, if not all, disciplines—in some fields by a long shot. For example, Physica A publishes some 3,000 pages each year. Why? Senior physics professors have well-financed labs with five to 10 Ph.D.-student researchers. Since the latter increasingly need more publications to compete for academic jobs, the number of published pages keeps climbing. While publication rates are going up throughout academe, with unfortunate consequences, the productivity mandate hits especially hard in the sciences.
Only if the system of rewards is changed will the avalanche stop. We need policy makers and grant makers to focus not on money for current levels of publication, but rather on finding ways to increase high-quality work and curtail publication of low-quality work. If only some forward-looking university administrators initiated changes in hiring and promotion criteria and ordered their libraries to stop paying for low-cited journals, they would perform a national service. We need to get rid of administrators who reward faculty members on printed pages and downloads alone, deans and provosts "who can't read but can count," as the saying goes. Most of all, we need to understand that there is such a thing as overpublication, and that pushing thousands of researchers to issue mediocre, forgettable arguments and findings is a terrible misuse of human, as well as fiscal, capital.
Several fixes come to mind:
First, limit the number of papers to the best three, four, or five that a job or promotion candidate can submit. That would encourage more comprehensive and focused publishing.
Second, make more use of citation and journal "impact factors," from Thomson ISI. The scores measure the citation visibility of established journals and of researchers who publish in them. By that index, Nature and Science score about 30. Most major disciplinary journals, though, score 1 to 2, the vast majority score below 1, and some are hardly visible at all. If we add those scores to a researcher's publication record, the publications on a CV might look considerably different than a mere list does.
Third, change the length of papers published in print: Limit manuscripts to five to six journal-length pages, as Nature and Science do, and put a longer version up on a journal's Web site. The two versions would work as a package. That approach could be enhanced if university and other research libraries formed buying consortia, which would pressure publishers of journals more quickly and aggressively to pursue this third route. Some are already beginning to do so, but a nationally coordinated effort is needed.
There may well be other solutions, but what we surely need is a change in the academic culture that has given rise to the oversupply of journals. For the fact is that one article with a high citation rating should count more than 10 articles with negligible ratings. Moving to the model that Nature and Science use would have far-reaching and enormously beneficial effects.
Our suggestions would change evaluation practices in committee rooms, editorial offices, and library purchasing meetings. Hiring committees would favor candidates with high citation scores, not bulky publications. Libraries would drop journals that don't register impact. Journals would change practices so that the materials they publish would make meaningful contributions and have the needed, detailed backup available online. Finally, researchers themselves would devote more attention to fewer and better papers actually published, and more journals might be more discriminating.
Best of all, our suggested changes would allow academe to revert to its proper focus on quality research and rededicate itself to the sober pursuit of knowledge. And it would end the dispiriting paper chase that turns fledgling inquirers into careerists and established figures into overburdened grouches.
Mark Bauerlein is a professor of English at Emory University; Mohamed Gad-el-Hak is a professor of mechanical engineering at Virginia Commonwealth University; Wayne Grody, Bill McKelvey, and Stanley W. Trimble, respectively, are professors of medicine, management, and geography at the University of California at Los Angeles.
Israel’s Ambassador to the United States Michael Oren is reported to have told Israeli diplomats that the U.S. and Israel are experiencing a “tectonic rift,” not a temporary crisis.
“There is no crisis in Israel-US relations because in a crisis there are ups and downs,” Oren told a a closed briefing to senior officials in the Israeli Foreign Ministry’s North America Branch and research division, Yedioth Ahronoth’s Itamar Eichner reports.
“According to the Israeli diplomats, Oren said …’Relations are in the state of a tectonic rift in which continents are drifting apart,’” Haaretz said.
“Oren noted that contrary to Obama's predecessors - George W. Bush and Bill Clinton - the current president is not motivated by historical-ideological sentiments toward Israel but by cold interests and considerations,” Haaretz reports. “He added that his access as Israel's ambassador to senior administration officials and close advisers of the president is good. But Obama has very tight control over his immediate environment, and it is hard to influence him. ‘This is a one-man show,’ Oren is quoted as saying.”
Oren told Haaretz he denied the report, which the paper attributed to "five Israeli diplomats, some of whom took part in the briefing or were informed about the details." The Israeli Embassy did not immediately respond to query from POLITICO Sunday.
Oren’s remarks come ahead of a July 6 meeting between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Barack Obama. The White House meeting – the fifth between Netanyahu and Obama — had been originally scheduled to take place earlier this month but was postponed after Israel’s interception of a Gaza aid flotilla on May 31. The confrontation, in which eight Turks and one Turkish American were killed, has caused a crisis in Israeli-Turkish relations which the U.S. has been trying to defuse.
Oren told the diplomats that the Gaza flotilla violence had sparked international outrage.
"Even our close friends came out against us," Haaretz reported Oren told the closed diplomatic briefing. "Only after some time, when video from the ship arrived and was aired by the American media, did public opinion begin to shift in Israel's favor."
Obama met with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Toronto Saturday.
“The two leaders had a wide-ranging and candid discussion between allies that addressed Iran's nuclear program, Middle East peace, the flotilla incident, Afghanistan, the PKK and terrorism,” according to the White House readout of the conversation.
June 25 (Bloomberg) -- The Dutch politician leading talks on forming a coalition government said future discussions should exclude Geert Wilders’s anti-immigrant [anti-Muslim immigrant] Freedom Party, which surged to third place in this month’s inconclusive elections.
Uri Rosenthal proposed that party leaders should explore a coalition involving 5 of the 10 groups in parliament. They are the Liberal Party led by Mark Rutte, which won most seats, the Labor Party, which finished second in the June 9 vote, the Christian Democrats, and two smaller groups, Green Left and D66.
“They’re prepared to assume responsibility to govern and don’t rule out working with each other,” Rosenthal said at a press conference in The Hague today. “All parties involved” acknowledged that a coalition with the Freedom Party “wasn’t possible,” he said.
Rosenthal, the Liberals’ leader in the upper house of parliament, was assigned by Queen Beatrix to investigate possible coalitions. It will take at least three parties to form a government with a majority in the lower house. Coalition negotiations in the Netherlands have taken an average of almost three months since World War II.
Rosenthal recommended that the queen name two senior politicians from the Liberals and Labor to continue discussions on forming a government from what he called the “broad center.”
Starving Gazans? Not the case. Watch this Fuel for Truth video
A tip of the hat to George B in Manhattan. Hamas and its allies like the crowd at Viva Palestina with George Galloway former UK parliamentarian are unstinting to plead for humanitarian aid and cash to feed the poor starving Gazans. Problem is as this video from the intrepid hasbarah team at Fuel for Truth in Manhattan illustrates, Gazans are down right obese accpording to UN statistics. There is so much humanitarian aid pouring in from Israel and Egypt, that Hamas has to steal it to make a profit for its other nefarious purposes like firing rockets at Israelis across the frontier. Go figure why the world media and now the White House are suggesting that we give this terrorstan another $400 million in humanitarian aid and twist Israel's arm to relent and open the spigots for more such aid to pour through, doubtless with arms hidden in between those sacks of wheat and cement. Perhaps relaxing the blockade as the Obama white suggests would simply allow Hamas and allies in Tehran to filter in more weapons. Meanwhile, Michael Ledeen has reported that Iran has "chickened out" on sending its 'free Gaza" humanitarian flotilla. Go figure with this madness and appeasement.
Twelve is a good number. It divides by 2, 3, 4 and 6, unlike 10, which divides only by 2 and 5. I wish we worked in base 12, or base 10 as it would then be called. From Wikipedia:
The duodecimal system (also known as base-12 or dozenal) is a positional notationnumeral system using twelve as its base. In this system, the number ten may be written as 'A' or 'X', and the number eleven as 'B' or 'E' (another common notation, introduced by Sir Isaac Pitman, is to use a rotated '2' for ten and a reversed '3' for eleven). The number twelve (that is, the number written as '12' in the base ten numerical system) is instead written as '10' in duodecimal (meaning "1 dozen and 0 units", instead of "1 ten and 0 units"), whereas the digit string '12' means "1 dozen and 2 units" (i.e. the same number that in decimal is written as '14'). Similarly, in duodecimal '100' means "1 gross", '1000' means "1 great gross", and '0.1' means "1 twelfth" (instead of their decimal meanings "1 hundred", "1 thousand", and "1 tenth").
If we worked in base twelve (I'll write it in full to avoid confusion), we'd soon get used to it. 43, say, would be 51 in decimal, so we'd have to start thinking of our 43s as bigger than they are now. This wouldn't be a big deal, since few people imagine 43 or 51 individual items when they use the number. And the Irish count up to ten and twelve by saying "One, two, three, many."
Before Hugh starts ten to the dozen about tolfraedic and old pennies and shillings from heaven, I have dealt with that business conclusively in this post:
Before decimalisation in 1971, British currency used a mixed duodecimal-vigesimal system. The duodecimal (tolfraedic) component - twelve old pennies in a shilling - would have withered away because of inflation, leaving only the vigesimal (based on units of twenty), which would easily have drifted into de facto decimalisaton. Sure as eggs - half a dozen of them - is eggs.
I like my last sentence, but readers must make the most of it, for, thanks to proposed EU legislation, it has a short shelf life. You think I eggsaggerate? From The Telegraph:
Shoppers will be banned from buying bread rolls or eggs priced by the dozen under new food labelling regulations proposed by the European parlament.
Under the draft legislation, to come into force as early as next year, the sale of groceries using the simple measurement of numbers will be replaced by an EU-wide system based on weight.
It would mean an end to packaging descriptions such as eggs by the dozen, four-packs of apples, six bread rolls or boxes of 12 fish fingers.
The changes would cost the food and retail industries millons of pounds as items would have to be individually weighed to ensure the accuracy of the label.
The Grocer said food industry sources had described the move as "bonkers" and "absolute madness". Its editor, Adam Leyland, said the EU had "created a multi-headed monster".
The Food Standards Agency indicated it opposed the change and that the regulation had yet to be finalised.
What next? Must we fill the unforgiving minute with fifty seconds worth of distance run? And must we do it 20/7, all ten months of the year, or be put on trial in front of ten good men and true?
How did we come to this? Is the EU, or our supine Government to blame? I'd say it was five of one and a handful of the other.
Eight Arab, five Pakistani and two Afghan militants were killed when bombs they were making exploded prematurely inside a mosque in eastern Afghanistan, the interior ministry said on Sunday.
The insurgents were assembling bombs in Desi Mosque of Yousifkhela district in the south-eastern province of Paktika Friday, the ministry said.
Pakika borders the Pakistani town of Wana, where Taliban militants are said to have training bases. Afghan officials have repeatedly blamed Islamabad for not doing enough to clamp down on cross-border infiltration by insurgents.
AN MP has called for an inquiry into a Midland charity which invited a radical Muslim preacher to speak to crowds in Birmingham. A Sunday Mercury investigation has also revealed that Islamic Dawah Centre International (IDCI), is selling books by Muslim extremists through its website. Birmingham MP Roger Godsiff said: “If this registered charity has invited this man to speak, and if there is also concern about them selling this sort of literature then the Charity Commission is duty-bound to investigate, and I hope they do so.’’
The Alum Rock-based group had invited Dr Zakir Naik to speak to 13,000 people at the LG Arena this weekend – despite him publicly backing Osama Bin Laden in the past. But Home Secretary Theresa May denied the Indian-born cleric a visa to enter the UK after it emerged that he had branded the US a “terrorist state” and said that “every Muslim should be a terrorist”.
Now, the Sunday Mercury has learned that IDCI is selling books by Dr Naik, as well as Islamic texts by other controversial clerics. The books also include works by Sayyid Qutb, a fundamentalist Egyptian Imam who is is said to have inspired Osama Bin Laden to establish Al Qaeda. An extract from his seminal work, Milestones, is available from IDCI for less than £1.
Other titles in the IDCI collection include Jihad in Islam, which quotes a Quranic verse on the front cover that reads: “Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Satan.”
The IDCI website also stocks Dr Naik’s Islam and Terrorism? and Towards Understanding Islam by Sayyid Abul Ala Mawdudi, a founder of extremist Islamist faction Jamaat-e-Islami. The Pakistani fundamentalist group aims to replace the government of the sub-continental state with a radical Muslim ruling party and impose strict Sharia law. Mawdudi writes: “Islam requires the Earth – not just a portion, but the whole planet.”
A spokesman for the IDCI said: “We don’t stock extremist material. All of our books have been cleared by the authorities. The copy of Milestones by Sayyid Qutb is not the one that has been banned, it is the original text which is perfectly peaceful. We have been contacted by the police before, and they have checked all that we sell, including works by Sayyid Mawdudi. We distribute publications to promote peace and understanding through Islam, and that is one of the aims of Dr Zakir Naik".
A spokeswoman for the Charity Commission said: “Concerns have been raised with the Charity Commission regarding the Islamic Dawah Centre International. We are currently assessing these concerns in order to establish what, if any, regulatory role the Commission may have.”
A large crowd turned up at Sydney airport to farewell Sydney's most senior Islamic cleric, who was deported on Sunday night. Sheikh Mansour Leghaei, a Shia cleric, was ordered to leave Australia after being declared a security risk. Dr Leghaei boarded a flight to Iran on Sunday night and about 200 people from the Islamic Youth Centre at Earlwood turned up to support him.
Dr Leghaei says he has never been given an explanation as to why ASIO has deemed him a security risk. "Whatever they think and whatever they may have is absolutely wrong," he said. . . Under Australian law, ASIO is under no obligation to tell Dr Leghaei why he is under suspicion.
The United Nations are said to have written to Australia's Immigration Minister asking that Dr Leghaei not be deported, but the request was denied.Dr Leghaei had planned to fly out with his wife and daughter but leave behind his three sons. Who want watching.
It isn't often that I applaud a rise in taxes. But if tax is going to rise in modern day Britain, then it is best that the burden is spread fairly. VAT is a tax on expenditure, equivalent, I believe, to sales tax in the US. There is no VAT on books, newspapers, food (unless from a restaurant or takeaway) or children's clothes, so no real hardship incurred by a VAT rise. The alternative to raising VAT is to tax so-called "high earners" like me directly through income tax, as if I don't pay enough already into a system that gives me nothing. VAT, on the other hand, is also paid by so-called "poor" people.
Note the inverted commas - quotation marks to Americans - and the "so-called". In the UK "poor" people are cossetted by welfare, while "high earners" (defined as 40% taxpayers) work extra hard to cosset them, and are fleeced for their pains. Now read this comment by "Monty" at Harry's Place, where there is much bleating about a £400 per week cap on housing benefit, introduced by the Tory-LibDem coalition:
That’s £20,000 a year. If an average taxpayer wanted to rent a place at that level he would have to be earning upwards of £30K just to pay his rent, tax and stamp and nothing else. £50K minimum if you include council tax, subsistence, utility bills, insurance, running a car or paying fares, pension contributions, a modest lifestyle.
If you have no-one in your household bringing in a wage to pay the rent and bills, you shouldn’t be allowed to choose to live in an area with astronomical rental costs and pass the burden onto taxpayers who could never afford for themselves, what they are giving to you.
People who support their own households and pay their taxes, generally accept that their wish list has to be reconciled with their means. They travel many miles to and from work so they can live in an affordable area. Their children have to share a bedroom. They might not have a garden, or a car, or a holiday. Many would like to add to their family, but can’t afford for the Missus to give up her job. When the kids grow up, they downsize to a smaller house or flat so they can clear the mortgage and maybe set some money aside for savings/pension. They dread being laid off, but they have calculated exactly what their severance payment will be, and whether it will be enough to clear their overdraft. They can’t afford early retirement, but when they do retire, their pensions will be taxed. Many HP’ers will recognise this. It’s normal.
So long as you don’t ever lift a finger to help yourself, you can expect to be cossetted on Cloud Nine Street in Mayfair, while the bin men Salford and the dinner ladies of Workington get their pay docked to support your “needs”.
That’s not a safety net. It’s a state sponsored extortion racket.
Quite so. "Poor" people, having everything paid for them, can afford the latest flat screen telly, the latest trainers and the latest mobile phone without lifting a finger. If they have to pay 20% VAT, rather than 17.5%, all well and good.
Another matter, touched on in Monty's comment, is that workers, as opposed to "poor" people, must limit the size of their families. Why doesn't the Government introduced a limit on taxpayer-funded breeding - in other words, "poor" families should get two children's worth of benefit and no more? That would limit the growth of layabouts and Muslims, many of whom are one and the same.
"Poor" people, the party's over. Deal with it. And here's a thought - get off your backside and work.