These are all the Blogs posted on Monday, 3, 2010.
Monday, 3 May 2010
Shiites Living In Fear Of Attacks By Sunnis In Pakistan (In French)
Au Pakistan, la minorité chiite vit dans la peur des attaques d'extrémistes sunnites
LE MONDE | 30.04.10
Karachi Envoyé spécial
e sont des photos de "martyrs". Les visages s'étalent sur l'affiche, galerie de portraits de chiites de Karachi qui ne sont plus. Sous les clichés gronde un texte rageur : "Le bain de sang a tué tous ces innocents. Pourquoi les auteurs du crime n'ont-ils pas été arrêtés ?"
A Mehfil Chah-e-Khosan, le complexe chiite de Karachi où se dresse une mosquée au dôme et aux minarets vert pomme, l'atmosphère est lourde. Les multiples barrières de sécurité encerclant l'enclave et les vigiles qui filtrent l'entrée disent la tension ambiante. Depuis le carnage (33 morts) provoqué le 28 décembre 2009 par un attentat-suicide au coeur d'une procession lors de la fête de l'Achoura, la communauté chiite de Karachi vit plus que jamais dans la peur.
Les extrémistes sunnites, qui sont légion dans la capitale économique et financière du Pakistan, peuvent frapper à tout moment ceux qu'ils tiennent pour de vulgaires kafir ("infidèles").
Allama Abbas Kumaili est en colère. "Le gouvernement est trop faible avec les auteurs de ces attentats", tonne-t-il. Barbe blanche, drapé dans son chalwar-kamiz (habit traditionnel bouffant), M. Kumaili reçoit dans son bureau au coeur de Mehfil Chah-e-Khosan aux allures de camp retranché. Il est le chef politique des chiites de Karachi. Ancien sénateur, il préside aujourd'hui l'Alliance Jafaria du Pakistan, le principal parti représentant la minorité chiite pakistanaise (environ 15 % de la population totale).
"Les extrémistes sunnites ont infiltré la police, poursuit Allama Abbas Kumaili. Ainsi les auteurs des attentats ne sont-ils pas arrêtés ou, lorsqu'ils le sont, ils sont rarement condamnés. On les relâche en général. Ces groupes veulent imposer par la violence leur propre modèle d'islam, l'école déobandie, proche du wahabisme saoudien, poursuit-t-il. Mais cela ne marchera pas. Les gens ici ne peuvent l'accepter. Les chiites ne sont pas leurs seules victimes. Sont également ciblées les autres minorités : les parsis, les chrétiens, les hindous, les sikhs."
Une simple visite à Mehfil Chah-e-Khosan, à Karachi, suffit à prendre la mesure de la dimension fratricide de l'essor du djihadisme au Pakistan. Avant de viser l'Occident, ce dernier frappe d'abord les musulmans "hétérodoxes", qu'il s'agisse des sunnites de la tradition soufie (école barelwi), célébrant un culte des saints jugés hérétiques, ou des chiites qu'oppose aux sunnites orthodoxes la fameuse rupture historique autour du califat d'Ali (658).
La chronique des attentats anti-chiites est d'une morbide régularité au Pakistan. Après l'attentat de l'Achoura, du 28 décembre à Karachi, il y eut l'attaque le 16 avril d'un hôpital de Quetta, au Balouchistan (11 morts), et le 17 avril à Kohat, dans la province de Pakhtunhwa (41 morts), d'un camp de personnes déplacées originaires de la zone tribale d'Orakzai, où l'armée mène une offensive contre les talibans locaux. A chaque fois, les chiites étaient visés. "C'est ainsi depuis un quart de siècle, se désole M. Kumaili. Rien n'a véritablement changé depuis l'essor de l'extrémisme sunnite dans les années 1980."
La matrice politique et idéologique de cet antichiisme militant au Pakistan est le Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP, Armée des compagnons du prophète Mahomet). Fondé en 1985 dans la province du Penjab. Le SSP s'est inscrit au début dans la politique d'islamisation volontariste menée par le président pakistanais de l'époque, le général putschiste Zia Ul-Haq. Le mouvement recrute surtout parmi les troupes du parti religieux Jamiat-e Ulama-e Islam (JUI), issu de l'école déobandie qui milite pour le retour à l'orthodoxie de l'islam à rebours de toute tentation schismatique ou syncrétique.
Au seuil des années 1980, deux événements vont contribuer à radicaliser cette mouvance : d'abord, la révolution iranienne (1979) qui va doper la confiance des chiites pakistanais jusque-là très effacés, suscitant une contre-mobilisation des sunnites locaux encouragés par les wahhabites saoudiens ; d'autre part, l'invasion soviétique en Afghanistan (1979-1989), qui va généraliser l'idéologie du djihad fondamentaliste dans toute la région.
Dans ce contexte, les attentats antichiites se multiplient au Pakistan à l'initiative du SSP puis d'une de ses émanations dissidentes, le Lashkar-e-Jhanvi (LeJ), sous l'oeil plus ou moins complice des services secrets pakistanais. En réaction, la minorité chiite riposte par le biais de certains de ses groupes armés, notamment le Sipah-e-Mohamet Pakistan (SMP).
Cette violence confessionnelle au sein de l'islam pakistanais a connu son paroxysme dans les années 1990 mais elle n'a jamais véritablement disparu. Chaque année, elle continue de faire plusieurs centaines de morts.
A l'entrée du complexe chiite de Mehfil Chah-e-Khosan, à Karachi, se dressent d'immenses portraits de l'ayatollah Khomeiny, du président iranien Mahmoud Ahmadinejad ou de Hassan Nasrallah, le chef de la milice chiite libanaise Hezbollah. La filiation avec l'internationale chiite est clairement affirmée. "Mais nous sommes avant tout des Pakistanais, proteste M. Kumaili. Nous sommes loyaux à notre pays, à l'idéologie nationale du Pakistan." Il le clame avec force car ses adversaires, il le sait, n'en finissent pas de jeter la suspicion sur le patriotisme de la communauté chiite du Pakistan, présentée comme l'instrument de l'Iran.
Britain's Joe the Plumber, or, No Snob like a Socialist Snob
In Pajamas Media I ride my hobby horse yet again, without being sure whether hobbyhorse is one word or two. In fact I get on my hobby horse/hobbyhorse, which stands atop a soapbox and I shout from the rooftops - metaphorical rooftops, or we'd come tumbling down - that:
The world's schools, colleges and universities [...] have a large and urgent task: to cultivate in students the ability to see themselves as members of a heterogeneous nation (for all modern nations are heterogeneous), and a still more heterogeneous world, understanding something of the history and character of the diverse groups that inhabit it.
But if all nations are heterogeneous, isn't the world homogeneous in a way? Or is at least one of the heterogeneous nations both the same?
A post yesterday contained as part of its title the name -- and in its body alluded to the fictional character -- of Quilty.
This immediately makes one think of the least verisimilar line in all of "Lolita" - the line written in French by Mona Dahl (that "elegant, cold, lascivious, experienced young female") to friend and classmate and fellow participant in amateur dramatics Lolita Haze:
« Ne manque pas de dire à ton amant, Chimène, comme le lac est beau car il faut qu'il t'y mène. Lucky beau! Qu'il t'y-What a tongue-twister! »
The proper name “Chimène » alludes to Corneille’s Le Cid; the sentence in French consists of two alexandrines (with an unusual placement of the caesuras), a further identification, through prosody, with Corneille and Racine.
What most impresses is the level of the French. And here Nabokov just couldn’t resist. In this he was like Shakespeare, who could not, wrote Dryden, resist a “clench” (pun). Even if we are now in the late 1940s – it is then that Humbert Humbert arrives in Ramsdale -- when schools were still schools, and French was still French (i.e., Corneille, Racine, and not yet at the level of “Lisons donc” textbooks and francophone texts full of “beur” culture) it is impossible to believe that even then, two American schoolgirls – Mona Dahl and Lolita Haze -- would have been able to write,or to understand, respectively, such a line.in French. This is not a complaint but an observation.
One of the best lines in the Kubrick movie version is when, much later, when Humbert manages to find where Lolita lives, and goes to visit her. She is now Mrs. Richard Schiller and visibly pregnant by her incidental Dick. But before we get to the crescendo of passion and tears, before Humbert asks Lolita to come away with him, right then, right three, so as to live with him, and die with him, and everything with him, he asks about Clare Quilty, she tries to explain the particular fascination of her other adult seducer: “Humbert, he wasn’t like us. He wasn’t normal.”
Corneille, Cornell, Far Above Cayuga’s Waters, Hourglass Lake. Camp Climax. The Duk Duk Ranch. Oh where --and when -- will it all end ?
This is what parts of Nashville look like today. We had 15 inches of rain in 48 hours. Many people displaced - six fatalities known so far with many missing. Lots of evacuations, including Opryland hotel. The Cumberland is still rising and parts of downtown are flooded.
Madeleine Kirk, standing for the party in the new seat of York Outer, was speaking at the York University event on Wednesday afternoon.
A question was asked about whether the candidates believed arms sales to Israel should be banned.
Ms Kirk, a long-standing local city councillor, replied that an embargo should be in place, but was not, “because of the Jewish lobby”.
She then went on to back disgraced Lib Dem peer Jenny Tonge’s call for an inquiry to disprove allegations that Israeli army medical teams in Haiti “harvested” organs of earthquake victims.
Baroness Tonge was stripped of her role as the party’s health spokeswoman in the Lords following her comments in February.
When contacted by the JC, Ms Kirk said: “I apologise unreservedly for any offence caused by my remarks.
“I recognise that the allegations against the IDF’s humanitarian operation in Haiti are completely unfounded and utterly reprehensible. I was not aware of the allegations when asked about them at the hustings and responded without considering their full implications.”
That's all right then. Harry's Place adds:
Turns out Kirk is not the only Lib Dem who supports an arms embargo on Israel. None other than Nick Clegg advocated itlast year– because, he said, he had “the country’s long term interest at heart.”
Writing at CiF Watch, Jonathan Hoffman cites a number of other, let us say, problematic positions on Israel by leading Liberal Democrats.
Stabbing In Strasbourg, Where We Are Asked To Believe That the Assailants Are "Mentally Ill"
From Arutz Sheva:
Kippah-Wearing Jew Stabbed in Chest in Strasbourg
2 May 2010
by Gil Ronen
(Israelnationalnews.com) A Jewish man was brutally attacked in Strasbourg, France, on Friday night.
The man, who is 42, was attacked by two assailants. One of them hit him across the back of the head with a metal rod and the other stabbed him in the chest. He was reportedly in serious condition.
The attackers were taken into custody. Authorities have indicated that one or both of them are “mentally ill.”
According to an eyewitness, the victim was wearing a kippah when he was assaulted. News agency DPA reported that the man was attacked by two men wearing djellaba robes of the kind traditionally worn in North Africa.
MK Ze'ev Bielski (Kadima) asked Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman to demand that France do everything possible to prevent anti-Semitic attacks. The MK added that “one cannot accept a situation in which French Jews are attacked just for being Jews.”
Three years ago, a Jewish youth named Ilan Halimi was kidnapped and tortured to death by a Muslim gang in a Paris suburb.
Since the posts on Clare Quilty have taken us to Ireland, let's hear from a Dubliner - the late, great comedian Dave Allen. Dave Allen was a deceptively relaxed raconteur, but sharp as a needle. Here's a YouTube clip. As the Irishman said when asked the way to Dublin, I wouldn't start from here -- but it's not half bad:
Taking up where I left off, here is a brief summary of the “Be Reasonable” petition--launched by a non-sectarian organization in formation--that you can read in full, in English on the site [www.dialexis.org]. “Be Reasonable” rejects the pretentions of intellectuals and personalities who use their Jewish label as proof of objectivity. Contrary to those pretentions, the Appeal to Reason is neither democratic, moral, nor an expression of Diaspora solidarity with Israel. Israel is held as solely responsible for the impasse, whereas opinion polls consistently demonstrate Palestinian rejection of a peaceful solution of the conflict with recognition of Jewish rights to Jerusalem. Creation of a Palestinian state in the context of enduring hostility in the Arab world would leave Israel in a condition of’ “lethal strategic weakness. “
The “Appeal to Reason” forgets that the Oslo agreement led to an unprecedented wave of terrorism, the retreat from Lebanon to the establishment of Hezbollah, the Gaza withdrawal to a Hamas coup d’État and rocket attacks. If Hamas took control of “East Jerusalem” and the Palestinian state, would those who signed the Appeal to Reason say they’re sorry?
The Appeal to Reason is partial and partisan; it aids and abets the forces that promote anti-Israel boycotts and delegitimization of the State of Israel.
In the face of the existential threat to Israel “Be Reasonable” intend to build a genuine movement within the EU to defend the legitimacy of the State of Israel and combats growing anti-Semitism.
The debate inspired by the JCall initiative cuts across every line of my own crisscrossed itinerary at a point that could be described by my favorite line from Dante: in mezzo camina della vita, sparita… I lived to the age of 37 years in the land of my birth, the United States, with a 3-year interval in London, and have been living in Paris for 37 years. My life is a living debate! Debating with family members in the U.S. who think voting with Israel as a priority is single-issue narrow mindedness and voting for abortion rights and gay marriage is enlightened. With Zionists in France who thought George W. Bush was a lying warmonger. With Zionists in the U.S. who believed cross my heart and hope to die that Obama loves Israel. With French friends who thought Obama was the key to transatlantic reconciliation.
American friends and colleagues were eager to hear me report the evils of anti-Semitic Europe. Then Obama snatched our vast powerful country like an apple on a pushcart. I don’t think the American way—grassroots, talk shows, backing candidates and winning elections—is going to work this time. Something “old world” has happened to the land of my birth, something so heavy, so tragic, so foreign that it calls for a kind of thinking you have discarded. “Make it short and simple” was fine when things were going well and that youthful energy we all admire set things in motion at a dizzying pace. Alas, the dizzying pace is no longer ours. It has been handed over to our enemies.
The reaction to JCall is thunderous and the princes of reason who issued it have deftly integrated that reaction into their discourse: Didn’t we tell you that the problem with Jews is that they get all excited and think you’re trying to exterminate them every time someone … uh… threatens to exterminate them?
I watched the video on the JCall site. Urbane, distinguished, at ease facing row upon row of European parliamentarians this evening they presented and defended their Appeal. Ahmadinejad at the UN, Reasonable Jews at the EU, the wild jihadi addressing the travesty of international understanding, the ultra-rational Jews asking for spiritual guidance from the Eurabian EU.
Latest tally: JCall 3946 signatures Be Reasonable 5081.
In Nîmes today a 78 year-old Jewish man was attacked by three men who sprayed teargas directly into his eyes. He had come out of the synagogue, which is near the train station, to put a package in his car, and was on his way back when they fell upon him. Immediately after the incident members of the congregation saw that an insult had been spray painted on the façade. In gold! It said, in illiterate French, “Nike lé Juif,” meaning “f__k the Jews.”
If the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians were a territorial conflict, and if the EU and the US were as wise as Solomon, the Appeal to Reason would fly like an angel straight to the heavens and return with an inextinguishable olive branch. But if, as I believe, it is not a territorial conflict, it cannot be resolved by a peace process, there will be no demilitarized Palestinian state living side by side in peace with Israel, the performance this evening by Maurice Szafran, Elie Barnavi, Avi Primor, Ze’ev Sternhell, Daniel Cohn-Bendit, and Bernard Henri-Lévy was theater of the absurd.
The message delivered with such elegance, such beautiful phrasing, was too simple for words: give “back” the territories, end the Occupation. It’s the same message the EU has been pounding into our heads for decades, the same message that blares on green banners that fly over keffieh-clad enraged Arab-Muslims stomping through the streets of Western Europe, and the same message that has been endlessly formulated, reformulated, packaged, whistled, sung, cajoled, and repeatedly offered to the Palestinians. Who systematically reject it.
The high point of the presentation this evening before the EU Parliament was offered by Green Eurodeputy Daniel Cohn-Bendit, who began by saying he is a bad Jew who is not circumcised, did not have a bar mitzvah, and doesn’t really care much about Israel. But Cohn-Bendit cares enough to say that Israel has to get out of the territories and the Palestinians have to give up the right of return. Each side has to trim its dream to size so both can realize their dreams. Like France and Germany (Cohn-Bendit who is Franco-German, lives in Germany now). Weren’t we enemies? And now look, we’re friends.
“This logic is the very essence of the fallacious Appeal to Reason! How did France and Germany get to be friends? Was it the Chamberlain Peace Process? What do you call that rather unsightly interval from 1940-45? Oh! Is that when each side trimmed its dream?”
And, I might add, does anyone know how we felt when we saw the banner headlines UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER?
As a veteran NGO human rights defender at the United Nations in Geneva since 1986, I have watched what is grandly called ‘the international community’ at the Palais:
descending incontinently, recklessly, the staircase which leads to a dark gulf. It is a fine broad staircase at the beginning, but, after a bit, the carpet ends. A little further on there are only flagstones, and, a little further on still, these break beneath your feet.
This ringing description by Churchill of Britain’s situation at a crucial moment in the spring of 1938 [24 March 1938, H of C,], during the period of fairyland Appeasement, gives a vivid image of the general climate nowadays at the UN Human Rights Council. more>>>