Sunday, 20 September 2009
There once was a hukm of Hisbah...
Only joking. Here it is in its full horror:
There is ijma of the u’lemaa’ that amr bil ma’roof wan nahi anil munkar is fard due to the explicit commands in the Quran and Sunnah and the condemnation, curse and criticism connected to those who neglect it. The u’lemaa’ differed over the nature of the hukm, some said amr bil ma’roof wan nahi anil munkar is fard kifaayah in itself due to its nature and due to the ayaat of the Qur’an and ahadeeth related to it. The majority of u’lemaa’ and mufassireen said the duty was fard kifaayah and some said it is fard ul a’yn in general and fard kifaayah for some from the ummah to be dedicated to it as a continuous role. Others said it was fardul a’yn and that the ayah referred to by some as a proof implying kifaayah was actually fardul a’yn and was in a form which was apparently a command to the part but implied the whole. Allah (swt) says “And let there be among you an ummah inviting to al Khayr and commanding the ma’roof and forbidding the munkar, those will be the successful. And be not like those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment.” (aali I’mraan 3:104-105) The first ayah is in command [amr] form and this implied an obligation for either some people from the ummah to perform the duties or for all to perform the duties according to a difference in the interpretation of the Arabic language in this verse. The end of the first verse also described those who performed this duty as ‘muflihoon’ [successful ones] and ‘falaah’ implies paradise and is the opposite of ‘khusr’ which implies jahannam.
Posted on 09/20/2009 12:34 PM by Mary Jackson
20 Sep 2009
Now if Michael Cook had titled his award-winning study "Commanding the Ma’roof and Forbidding the Munkar" would it have won that prize?