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Monday, 14 January 2013
'Dies Gloriae',* III: From Saint Gumesindus To Saint Macarius The Great
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I've written many posts here at NER about our Christian heritage1 and some short stories about the same thing, also2. This series of posts3, however, is designed to fill in some of the missing details, specifically those about the Christians who have preceded us and helped to turn, by their examples, each and every holy day into really magnificent Holy days - Days of Glory*, in fact.

I'm aware that I have tended to concentrate on those saints whom I feel are relevant to what we do at this site - defend our civilisation against the Mohammedans and all their forms of Jihad and extol the manifold virtues of our cultures - and I make no apology for that. I am very aware of the saints whose spirituality led them into the conventual life or into some form of asceticism; I am very aware of those saints whose lives were spent doing good works in small ways or in particular communities; I am very aware of those saints whose lives were spent teaching, or defending, or explaining, the faith through the written word; and I am very aware of those saints who are so little known, often only to the parishioners of the place wherein they lived, that their exemplary lives are hardly ever explored by others; and I have enormous respect for all of them. However, for no other reason than it feels correct to do so, I will continue to concentrate on those saints whom I feel will most inspire all of us here at NER, and I am aware that the choices I make are purely personal.

Every day of the year is a day of glory for a Christian, and every single day of the year is used to memorialise a number of different saints. Often saints with identical or similar life stories seem to be grouped together on single day and this is because such saints often all died on the same day and for the same reason and so, naturally, are memorialised on the same day. Yet other saints belong to a group the members of which all had something in common although they are individually remembered on different days. It's impossible in a work like this to make every link and to draw every parallel, even if I thought that to be necessary and I wanted to do it; however, where I can, or where I think that it's important, then I will do so.

So, on to my first saint - the saint I have chosen for, and whose feast day is on, the thirteenth of January. His name was Gumesindus and he lived in Cordoba during the time of the illegal Mohammedan occupation of the bulk of the Iberian peninsula. He was beheaded in AD852 because he refused to be silent about his Christianity and about the plight of the hard-pressed Christian community whose bishop, Reccafred of Cordoba, seems to have been a quisling who ignored the violence being perpetrated against his people, as well as the forced and often violent closures of churches and monasteries.

Saint Gumesindus is known as one of the forty-eight Martyrs of Cordoba. The number 'forty-eight' does not, of course, reflect the actual number of Christians whom the psychotic Mohammedans killed during their illegal terrorist rule of the occupied Iberian territories - they, at a very, very conservative estimate, number almost two million - nor those whom they forced at sword point to convert to Mohammedanism - conservatively estimated to be a further five million people. What the number 'forty-eight' represents is the forty-eight martyrs recorded by Saint Eulogius in his three surviving works (Documentum Martyriale, Memoriale Sanctorum and Liber Apologeticus Martyrum) before he too was beheaded for being an active and open Christian in a devil-worshipping country4.

The problem with Saint Eulogius' famous recording of the forty-eight deaths is that it has allowed some revisionist historians to pretend that forty-eight was the total number of Christians murdered and to ignore the reams of other evidences that detail the awful lives of the Christians and the Jews under the Sharia laws that operated in occupied southern Iberia. However, Gumesindus was, indeed, one of the forty-eight that Eulogius recorded and as we remember him on this day then we must remember, also, the millions of other Christians who lived under, and who died at the hands of, the appalling occupying forces of the violent Mohammedans.

As we memorialise Gumesindus we should remember, as well, the numberless Christians who are today being persecuted, usually violently, and murdered by the devil-worshipping Mohammedans all over the world and yet who remain steadfast in their faith and their commitment to freedom5.

For the fourteenth of January I have chosen to remember, from amongst all the saints who we memorialise on this day, Saint Deusdedit, Archbishop of Canterbury from AD655 to 664. 'Deus dedit' is Latin for 'God has given' and it was the practice of early medieval bishops of Saxon origin in England to adopt a new name at their consecration, often, as in this case, the name of a recent pope6, but the saint's original given name was Frithona.

We don't know why Deusdedit was revered as a saint, that hasn't come down to us, but we do know that he was so venerated immediately after his death by people who knew him in life so we can speculate that he was probably an exceptionally good and charitable man. That lack of knowledge, however, doesn't mean that I don't have a reason for drawing him to your attention as my saint for this day.

The explanation for his presence here is simple: he was the first native born inhabitant of England to become Archbishop of Canterbury and I, as an Englishman, feel that I want to commemorate that fact for it marks the emergence of England as a province of the Church that was capable of providing for itself, and it also marks the success of the Gregorian Missionaries'7 efforts to educate, as well as to Christianise, these islands. Interestingly, Saint Deusdedit was only the sixth Archbishop of Canterbury to reign since the arrival of the Missionaries in AD597, so, in under sixty years the Missionaries had had a spectacular indicator of their success and had set England firmly on the road to a great future.

The fifteenth of January brings us to Saint Paul of Thebes. What we know of this saint we owe mainly to Saint Jerome who wrote up his life in his work 'Vita Pauli' ('Life of Paul': 'Vitae Patrum - Vita Pauli primi eremitae'), which he wrote between AD375 and 380. Saint Paul is venerated for being the founder of the monastic way of life (whilst we know that it was St. Anthony who inspired others to take up that way of life, Amathas and Macarius, who were disciples of St. Anthony, affirm that St. Paul of Thebes was actually the originator of the practice and that St. Anthony learnt it from St. Paul when they met a few days before St. Paul's death).

Saint Paul had to flee from Thebes to the Eastern Desert where he found shelter in a cave8. He didn't intend the desert to be a permanent place to live so much as a refuge because he feared that his faith may not be strong enough to endure persecution. Later, however, the thought of returning to his home left him. The vastness of the desert surged up before him as the place where he would find God. (Remember that this is part of our Judaic heritage. The Israelites found G-d, so to speak, in the desert where He led them as a pillar of fire.

Silence and solitude frighten most of us; we are afraid to be really alone. However, the fruit of a life in the desert for most people, and it certainly was for Paul, is a strengthening of the spirit, a learning to consecrate one's soul to G-d alone, and to be alone with the alone. All masks fall away in such a solitary place and most people find that it is easier to hear G-d's voice. Paul heard it and stayed and dedicated his life to G-d.

It is Paul's conquering of loneliness that prompts me to venerate him on this day. As you will already know, it can feel lonely, very lonely, when you fight aginst the mainstream narrative in our societies that are driven by revisionists, oikophobics (in the Roger Scruton sense9), leftists and Mohammedans. Saint Paul, by his example, helps us to sanctify our loneliness and gives us the strength to carry on. It's also more than that, too. It's the way that the monastery dedicated to him has withstood the vicissitudes of attack after attack by the vile Mohammedan Bedouins and yet is still there after almost one and a half millenia. The constancy of St. Paul and his monastery in the face of many horrors should inspire us all.

(As an interesting aside, the monastery's water supply comes from a spring within the walls, but just four hundred feet away from the southern point of the monastery there is another spring called The Pool of Miriam. Tradition handed down from the most ancient of times states that this spring is named after the sister of Moses and Aaron, who, according to the tradition, washed there during the Exodus.)

For the sixteenth of January I'm going to memorialise several saints starting with Saint Berard. He was a Franciscan monk who, because he spoke Arabic, was sent to Mohammedan occupied Morocco by St. Francis in AD1220 in order to evangelise the Moors. He took with him a party of other Franciscan monks - St. Peter, St. Otto, St. Berardes, St. Adjutus and St. Accursies who are my other saints for this day - and they managed to preach for a short time before they were captured by the Mohammedans and ordered to stop and to renounce the Christian faith. Naturally, they did not stop nor did they deny Christ, so the vile Mohammedans, who are deaf to the Word of G-d, demonstrated their tolerance by scourging the flesh from their bones then beheading them.

They were the first Franciscan martyrs and it's typical that the devil-worshipping Mohammedans were the instrument of their martyrdom since they were so often the murderers of Christians everywhere, and even today they are still murdering Christians in cold blood. However, I admire these Saints' courage in attempting to missionise the Moors for they must have known what they were letting themselves in for and I'm sure that St. Francis must have known, too, and that that gentle soul would have suffered when he heard of their fate. Let us concentrate on the courage of those saintly martyrs and pray that if we should ever be called upon to face the devilish Mohammedan temper, and the demands that we should worship Satan as they do, that we would demonstrate the same steadfastness and courage.

On the seventeenth of January I think that we should memorialise the Blessed Gregory Khomyshyn, who was a Greek Catholic. He was ordained on the eighteenth of November in 1893. He studied theology at Vienna from 1894 to 1899 and became the Rector of the seminary in Lviv in the Ukraine in 1902. He was consecrated Bishop of Stanislaviv (modern Ivano-Frankivsk that some of us will know better as Stanislau) in the Ukraine on the sixth of May in 1904.

He was arrested for his faith in 1939 and arrested again in April 1945 (the war was won so Stalin had no more use for Roman Catholic priests) then deported to Kiev in the Ukraine where he died in prison - probably from the harsh treatment meted out to him. In other words, he was one of the Martyrs Killed Under Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe10. For me he stands for all those millions of people, two to three hundred million, or maybe more as some calculate it, worldwide over the years, who have been murdered by communists and other left-wing psychopaths. Of course, he also represents the Christians included in that number.

He was steadfast and he never gave in to the wickedness of the communist fanatics and we should follow his example when dealing with the idiots who comprise the left-wing that today, in tandem with the deadly Mohammedans, seeks the destruction of our societies and the elimination of Christianity and all other religions excepting Mohammedanism - just like him we should never give in.

The same message is delivered to us by the memorial for St. Jaime Hilario Barbel on the eighteenth of January. He was raised in a pious and hardworking family in the foothills of the Pyrenees. He entered the seminary at age of twelve but when his hearing began to fail in his teens he was sent home. Later he joined the Brothers of the Christian Schools at the age of nineteen and entered the noviate on the twenty-fourth of February in 1917 at Irun in Spain, taking the name Jaime Hilario. He was, by all accounts, an exceptional teacher and catechist and he believed strongly in the value of universal education, and especially in education for the poor. However, his hearing problems grew worse, and in the early nineteen-thirties, he was forced to retire from teaching. He then began work in the garden at the LaSalle house at San Jose, Tarragona in Spain.

He was imprisoned in July in 1936 at Mollerosa in Spain when the Spanish Civil War broke out and the religious were rounded up and imprisoned by the communists and the leftists. He was transferred to Tarragona in December and then confined on a prison ship with some other religious. He was convicted on the fifteenth of January, 1937 of being a Christian and sentenced to death. Two rounds of volley fire from a firing squad did not kill him, possibly because many of the soldiers intentionally shot wide; their commander then murdered Jaime with five shots at close range. He was the first of the ninety-seven LaSalle Brothers killed in Catalunia in Spain during the Spanish Civil War to be recognized as a martyr.

Just like Saint Gregory Khomyshyn whom I memorialised on the seventeenth, Saint Jaime was steadfast and he never abandoned his duties or his calling. Just like Saint Gregory he perished at the hands of fanatical communists and socialists, and, just like St. Gregory, we should learn from his example and never give in to the demands of the evil people of the left. We should also learn that education is important and that we must carry on trying to educate people about the Mohammedan threat to their way of life and about our wonderful cultures until we are physically, and/or mentally, no longer capable of doing so.

The eighteenth is also the day on which we can celebrate The Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter that has been celebrated from the earliest days of Christianity in commemoration of the day when Saint Peter The Apostle held his first service at Rome. (The feast of the Chair of Saint Peter at Antioch, which commemorates his foundation of the See of Antioch, is usually celebrated in the West on the twenty-second of February.) This day, then, remembers the beginning of the Christian Church in the West.

The nineteenth of January is the day on which the Orthodox, and some other branches of the faith, venerate Saint Macarius the Great and I, too, think it appropriate to do so on this day. Apart from being one of Egypt's desert saints - he founded the monastery that bears his name - he was also a staunch defender of the true faith and fought against the Pelagian heresy and he was perfectly clear that theosis (sanctification) is the work of the Holy Ghost that supranaturally intertwines with the salvific grace of Jesus Christ. Macarius was, perhaps, the first of the Christian mystics and he has had a far reaching effect on all branches of our faith.

He was a staunch defender of the Nicene Creed, as decided at the Council of the same name, and he was  briefly banished to an island in the Nile by the Emperor Valens, along with Saint Macarius of Alexandria with whom he is often confused (and whose day this is, also, in some Western traditions), during a dispute over the Nicene Creed.

He was a prolific writer, as one would expect, which why I think of him on this day. Those of us who read and write at NER should memorialise him for he defended his culture and beliefs in his writings in his day and age as we do in ours. Regrettably, we can now only validate one of the many documents supposedly written by him as genuine and that is the letter 'Ad filios dei' which is mentioned in Gennadius of Massilia's 'De Viris Illustribus' ('Of Famous Men') that is a biography of over ninety significant Christians of the time, and which was a continuation of the work of the same name by Saint Jerome. However, he is much quoted by other authors of his time, and later, and it is obvious that he wrote a great deal in defense of the faith and that he was a very influential figure because of that.

Well, that brings us to the end of another week of Christian days - days of glory - and the saints that we memorialise. Of course, and as I point out at the beginning of this post, on each day there are many other saints memorialised than the one or two saints that I mention. This time I haven't named any of the others in the footnotes because I'm sure that by now those of you who read these posts will have gotten the general idea. (If you've started with this post then please see the earlier ones3 which will explain what I mean.) Part IV will follow next week - G-d willing.

 

Footnotes:

* The Latin words, Dies Gloriae, in this title mean 'Days of Glory' and come from Saint Thomas Aquinas' Summa Theologiae: Volume 30, The Gospel of Grace: q. 114 a. 8 co. 109-114: "[...] Prov. IV[:VIII], ["]iustorum semita quasi lux splendens procedit, et crescit usque ad perfectum diem["], [St. Jerome's Vulgate Latin Bible] qui est dies gloriae." ("...Proverbs 4:18: "But the path of the just, as a shining light, goeth forwards, and increaseth even to perfect day.," [Douay-Rheims Bible] which is the days of glory.")

1) You can find the posts I am referring to at: (i) On the Hours and the fightback against Mohammedan incursions in the workplace , (ii) on Advent , (iii) on Ash Wednesday , (iv) on Shrovetide , (v) on St. Valentine and his day , (vi) on the Golden Prayer to the Immaculate Heart of Mary , (vii) on Candlemas , (viii) on one aspect of the Epiphany , (ix) on St. Priscilla - 16th. January , (x) on Twefth Night and the Epiphany , (xi) on St. Thomas Beckett and the Sts. Trophimus - 29th. December , (xii) on St. Gelasius - 21st. November , (xiii) on St. Gregory of Palamas and hesychasm (meditation) 14th. November , (xiv) on the Venerable Bede and music (especially Christmas Carols) , (xv) on St. Justus - 10th. November , (xvi) on St. Efflam - 7th. November , (xvi) on St.Leonard of Noblac - 6th. November , (xvii) on bonfires and saints , (xviii) here on Christmas Carols , (xix) and here , (xx) and here , (xxi) and here , (xxii) and here , (xxiii) and here , (xxiv) and here , (xxv) and here , (xxvi) and here , (xxvii) and here , (xxviii) and here , (xxix) on Bright Week (Holy Week) , (xxx) on St. Nicholas Owen - 22nd. March , (xxxi) on resolutions and Twelfth Night , (xxxii) on the Archbishop of Glasgow's Great Curse , (xxxiii) on Martinmas (Martlemas) , (xxxiv) on lighting the Guy Fawkes bonfire from the Sanctuary flame , (xxxv) on a Bonfire Night and a Martlemas scurrilous rhyme , (xxxvi) here on windows in churches and letting the light of God out , (xxxvii) and here , (xxxviii) on God being an Englishman , (xxxix) on Christianophobia .

2) You can find the stories here: (i) An Advent Tale, Or, Christmas Miracles Do Happen , (ii) Holy Water, Or, There Is An Eastertide In The Affairs Of Men , (iii) If Quires Of Angels Did Rejoice , (iv) I Call The Living - I Mourn The Dead - I Break The Lightning .

3) For the other posts in this series click on the following links: (i) 'Dies Gloriae'*: From The Feast Of The Circumcision To The Epiphany (Dies Gloriae I), (ii) 'Dies Gloriae'* II: From Saint Raymond To Saint Benedict Biscop,

4) The forty-eight martyrs and saints recorded by Eulogius, himself a martyr and saint as well, are: Abundius; Adolphus and John; Amator, Peter and Louis; Anastasius, Felix and Digna; Argymirus; Aurea; Benildis; Columba; Emilas and Jeremiah; Fandilas; Flora and Maria; George, Aurelius and Natalia, Felix and Liliosa; Gumesindus; Isaac; Laura; Leocritia; Leovigild and Christopher; Nunilo and Alodia; Paul of St Zoilus; Peter, Walabonsus, Sabinian, Wistremundus, Habentius and Jeremiah; Perfectus; Pomposa; Rudericus (Roderick) and Salomon (Solomon); Rogellus and Servus-Dei; Sancho; Sandila; Sisenandus; Theodemir; and Witesindus. (Two, or more, names mentioned together indicates that they were martyred at the same time and probably for the same reason and in the same way.)

5) One of the most interesting pieces of knowledge that one can deduce from the bare facts in the recent Pew Research Center's reports is that Christians, who make up a third of the world's population, are also the most persecuted group of people on Earth and that Mohammedans are the people usually doing the persecuting (not just of Christians, but also of all other religions, and that, obviously, gives the lie to the perpetual Mohammedan claims about worldwide so-called 'Islamophobia'). You can find the three full reports here at the Pew Center's site , from where each report can be read and downloaded so that you, the readers, can judge for yourselves.

6) Pope Saint Deusdedit reigned from AD615 to 618 and he was, according to tradition, the first pope to use lead seals (bullae) on papal documents, which in time came to be called 'papal bulls'. One bulla dating from his reign is still preserved, the obverse of which represents the Good Shepherd in the midst of His sheep, with the letters 'Alpha' and 'Omega' underneath, while the reverse bears the inscription 'Deusdedit Papæ'. (From the Catholic Encyclopedia.)

7) The Gregorian Missionaries were sent by Pope Saint Gregory the Great (known as 'Gregorius noster' - 'our Gregory' - to us English) to Britain in the sixth and seventh centuries to help to convert and Christianise the population.

8) A monastery dedicated to St. Paul of Thebes was founded in the desert at the spot where he dwelt. The monastic Church of St. Paul was built within the monastery over the cave in which he actually lived. You can find a history of the monastery here if you scroll down past the publicity blurb at the top of that page.

9) Scruton uses the word 'oikophobia' as the antithesis of xenophobia. In his book, 'Roger Scruton: Philosopher on Dover Beach', Mark Dooley describes oikophobia as centered within the Western academic establishment and making attacks on "both the common culture of the West, and the old educational curriculum that sought to transmit its humane values." This disposition has grown out of, for example, the writings of Jacques Derrida and of Michel Foucault's "assault on 'bourgeois' society result[ing] in an 'anti-culture' that took direct aim at holy and sacred things, condemning and repudiating them as oppressive and power-ridden."

"Derrida is a classic oikophobe in so far as he repudiates the longing for home that the Western theological, legal, and literary traditions satisfy. . . . Derrida's deconstruction seeks to block the path to this 'core experience' of membership, preferring instead a rootless existence founded 'upon nothing.' "

An extreme aversion to the sacred and the thwarting of the connection of the sacred to the culture of the West is described as the underlying motif of oikophobia; and not the substitution of Judeo-Christianity by another coherent system of belief. The paradox of the oikophobe seems to be that any opposition directed at the theological and cultural tradition of the West is to be encouraged even if it is "significantly more parochial, exclusivist, patriarchal, and ethnocentric." Scruton described "a chronic form of oikophobia [which] has spread through the American universities, in the guise of political correctness."

Scruton's usage has been taken up by some American political commentators to refer to the rejection of traditional American culture by the so-called 'liberal elite'. In August 2010 James Taranto wrote a column in the Wall Street Journal entitled 'Oikophobia, Why the liberal elite finds Americans revolting' in which he criticised supporters of the proposed Islamic centre in New York as oikophobes who were defending Muslims who aimed to "exploit the 9/11 atrocity". (From Wikipedia and quoting 'Roger Scruton: Philosopher on Dover Beach' by Mark Dooley; Continuum, 2009; p. 78 and also 'The Need for Nations' by Roger Scruton; Civitas, February 2004; p.37.)

Also note that Roger Scruton in his 2004 book argued that oikophobia is "a stage through which the adolescent mind normally passes", but that it is a feature of some, typically leftist, political impulses and ideologies which espouse xenophilia (preference for alien cultures).

Further, you can find Civitas (the publisher of the work by Roger Scruton that I cited and a useful source of material about the UK) behind this link. Civitas has many interesting free PDFs available for download - see this one in particular.

10) You can find a full list of the so far recognised and venerated Martyrs Killed Under Communist Regimes In Eastern Europe here.

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Posted on 01/14/2013 6:13 PM by John M. Joyce
Comments
14 Jan 2013
N Andy

On 05 January 1779 was born Stephen Decatur, a colonial. His mom wished him to be an Episcopal clergyman. G-d had other plans.

He fought against the mohamedinians in the two Barbary Wars. Qualifies him for Sainthood to me. Although he did have this thing about duels.

Good articles. Where else but NER?





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