Sunday, 10 February 2013
During the 1970-71 war for the independence of East Pakistan -- now Bangladesh -- the army of West Pakistan found local supporters among the most fanatical Muslims. For it was these people who believed that an attack on Pakistan's unity, and a war for Bangladeshi independence, constituted an attack on Islam itself, and therefore was unacceptable. And these local Muslim shock troops -- traitors to Bangladesh -- engaged in rape, murder, and looting. Almost all of them got away with it.
But now, forty-three years later, there is a new attempt to punish those who are still around to be punished.
It's a good sign. An even better sign would be the widespread recognition that the worst offenders were the ones most slavishly submissive to the idea that the "good of Islam" required this, or required thatl.
Here's the story from Reuters:
Bangladesh to amend war crimes law amid protests: minister
By Ruma Paul
DHAKA (Reuters) - Bangladesh is planning to amend a law to allow the government to appeal for tougher penalties for war criminals, the law minister said on Sunday, the sixth day of protests since a convicted Islamist leader got a sentence many people think was too light.
The war crimes tribunal sentenced the Islamic party leader, Abdul Quader Mollah, to life in prison on Tuesday on charges including murder, rape and torture, the second verdict in trials that have reopened wounds from Bangladesh's 1971 war of independence from Pakistan.
The sentence sparked protests by Mollah's supporters, who say his conviction was politically motivated, but also counter-protests by many Bangladeshis who think his sentence was too lenient and he should have been sentenced to death.
Law Minister Shafique Ahmed said proposal to amend the law would be placed before the cabinet on Monday for approval, and would then go to parliament for ratification.
The amendment would give both sides the right to appeal against any conviction including inadequate sentence or acquittal. Under the law now, the prosecution can appeal only against an order of acquittal.
"The amendment will be passed in the current parliament session," Ahmed said.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina set up the tribunal in 2010 to investigate abuses during the nine-month war in 1971.
It delivered its first judgment last month, sentencing a former Jamaat-e-Islami and popular Islamic preacher, Abul Kalam Azad, to death on similar charges to the ones Mollah faced. Azad was tried in absentia as he fled the country in April.
Most Bangladeshis had also expected a death sentence to be handed down to Mollah, 64, assistant secretary-general of Jamaat-e-Islami - the country's biggest Islamist party.
The main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) of Hasina's arch rival, former premier Begum Khaleda Zia, and its ally Jamaat-e-Islami, say the prime minister is using the tribunal as a political weapon against them.
Hasina has rejected accusations that the tribunal is biased but it has been criticized by human rights groups for failing to adhere to standards of international law.
Eight other Jamaat leaders along with two from the BNP also face charges in the tribunal.
Bangladesh became part of Pakistan at the end of British rule in 1947 but broke away in 1971 after a war between Bangladeshi nationalists, backed by India, and Pakistani forces.
Some factions in what was then East Pakistan opposed the break with Pakistan, and abuses were committed during the nine-month war. The Jamaat denies accusations that it opposed independence and helped the Pakistani army.
Posted on 02/10/2013 7:39 AM by Hugh Fitzgerald
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