Hippolytus and Phaedra: Across the Gulf of Time

æby Evelyn Hooven (September 2018)

Phædra, Alexandre Cabanel, 1880



(A reminder: Prince Hippolytus is the son of Theseus, king of Athens, and the warrior queen Hippolyta—and stepson of Theseus’ second wife, Phaedra. Phaedra is obsessed by desire for her stepson, who rejects her and attempts with his fiancée Aricie to flee the kingdom. In desperate anger Phaedra turns to her husband with the fabricated claim that Hippolytus has made amorous advances to her. The outraged Theseus invokes the sea god Neptune, by whose contrivance and power Hippolytus is dragged from his chariot to his death by sea. Overcome by remorse and by the rage Theseus now directs at her, Phaedra commits suicide.


There are several versions, in theatre and music, of the myth. These two poems, though, are not a revision of the mythical events, but a re-imagining of the two tragic principals’ souls.)






Wait in the temple, Aricie,

My chariot one last time—

Then goodbye to it and to these horses.

They trained me first to hold the reins

And I taught them . . . One

Final drive, then I’ll leave them here

Between the temple and the sea.


They never feared the winds before—

Never such careening—

Someone else drives these horses . . .

I have been brave, made

Spring ideals to conquer,

As my father did, the dragons,

To meet full face and only lightly armed

Those monsters that drove fear

Into the bellies of citizens asleep,

I will go forth.


I will go forth,

I will not scream for pain

Nor even because it is unjust;

I tried to save my father’s witch

For his sake and the honor of the house

And this is the gods’ message . . .


Where is the goddess Diana

Whose forest kept me cool

In fiercest youth?

In the temple stands my love,

She waits for her fate and a prince—

We might have reached the other country,

Borne a clear-eyed son to hunt in forests,

Dream of slaying dragons,

Tell honorable lies

And in the end be caught—or maybe not:

He would escape the terrors,

For him I’d weed the world.


Let me stand up, put up a fight

Or walk into the deep

Outright, alone:

I am prince of Athens,

Son of warriors and thrones,

Beloved of a royal maiden

And of a luckless grandchild of the sun,

Pure of person, promise-keeping—

Whatsoever I dreamed in the forest

I woke to shoot the doe,

And when I dreamed of breathing fiends

In caverns close to Lethe

Not one of them was base as you!


No, not in this twisted way

To be dragged, to be thrown—

How you etch, familiar reins,

My body’s first scars—

Would Aricie love her hunter now?


I am brought low,

Dark waves, swaying envelope,

Unsocketed and pulling arms,

The taste of my own blood . . .


Who is it you drag to ocean?

Who am I about to die?

Dark the ocean and the dwelling under it.




Phaedra to Hippolytus



Though magic is lost

I can hear you—

You are running

You are in huntsman’s garb

In a forest strangely dated

You are innocent

It is only the arrow

That shoots the doe

You were blameless

As I stood braced—

A stranger—or worse . . .


Would you know me now?

I’ve discarded charms you know—

The moment’s power

Of setting one man

Against the other

Only to be cursed

Next moment

By both—

I drank poison

Was forced to call it honor

I remember the taste . . .


My nurse said

I can do nothing for you

Your ways are tangled

And I’m tired—

She wept for me

And said

I’m an old woman

With need of welcome

Rewards for wisdom

But your hands are empty

Your heart never rests . . .


My husband was gone

Compelled by voyages

And you Hippolytus

Knew the forests

Of a virgin goddess

Repeated your lessons

Of bravery and daring

Within boundaries

Held by loving guardians.


It was a sea-monster

Wounded you in battle

And you go down noble

I go down vengeful

And there’s one end of it.



What did I want?

What is the name

For such wanting?

To turn my thoughts

Bent secrets

Distressed creatures

Out into the world

Upright as deeds?


Theseus will do it—

My husband

Will reach


For me.


On his return

I wrought

His self-esteem

To wounded majesty

To fury:

My own queen

My home my throne—

No son of mine—

My son’s my own

To punish—

I have the power

I have creatures

Of the sea.


Then his fury

To be wrong

The righteousness

Over again:

My second wife

That queen

Is mine to torture

For unjust murder

Of my only son—

Foreign queens

Have schemes

To kill the innocent—

My son is gone

It’s only right

That Phaedra choose poison

That death be her own . . .


Through some centuries

I hated myself—

I am horror

I am dishonor

I tore at

My shroud, my hair—

How could Phaedra rest?


One day it came to me

What I had wanted

I wanted you to face me

To know Phaedra—

You turned away

You fled on horseback

Prince waiting to be king

To lead ships

On bright waters

Towards danger

Distant and famous—


What couldn’t you face?


No plea of virtue

No goddess

Could save you

No known instrument

Or skillful wielding

Could save you

Only apprehending

Unfamiliar rhythms

Inventing recognitions

Of other hands

Other minds

Where they were

Vying, lost



Only a journey

Through forests twisted

Strands unraveling

Outside the temple

Beyond the forest

To your own


Your own hands

Yourself . . .


You died accusing

An unknown woman

Cursing her spirit . . .


For centuries

Your cries

Eternally young—

I’ve been wronged

I am pure


Harsh taskmasters—

Through centuries

Of silence

No longer fed

By rage or longing

I’ve grieved you

Your bewildered death


Son of monster-slayers.





The shame

All that you named


Mysterious controls

My crown


Access to poison

Fell from me—

Dolorous tapestries . . .



Less watchful


More merciful

I have become someone

Past caring

What you might think

I have become . . .


With your purity

Through your shield

Heedless of need

Where have you been?

It is good

It is recovery

From some


Of my own

To break the silence . . .


My vision of you

From far and deep within

Begins to dwindle—

Something of me

Is struggling to be new—

Do you remain

Young and unsalvageable

Engulfed by waters?

Do you remain


By blemish


By solitude

Or questions

Torn and humble?


Something of me

Is glad to leave you

And what I had to be

Ever to have loved you.



Evelyn Hooven graduated from Mount Holyoke College and received her M.A. from Yale University, where she also studied at The Yale School of Drama. A member of the Dramatists’ Guild, she has had presentations of her verse dramas at several theatrical venues, including The Maxwell Anderson Playwrights Series in Greenwich, CT (after a state-wide competition) and The Poet’s Theatre in Cambridge, MA (result of a national competition). Her poems and translations from the French have appeared in ART TIMES, Chelsea, The Literary Review, THE SHOp: A Magazine of Poetry (in Ireland), The Tribeca Poetry Review, Vallum (in Montreal), and other journals, and her literary criticism in Oxford University’s Essays in Criticism.

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