Disturbing, Distant, Muffled Sounds by Miklós Radnóti

Translated from the Hungarian & Edited
by Thomas Ország-Land
(May 2016)

THE HOLOCAUST did not begin with the gas chambers; and some people who cared or dared to look discerned quite early the direction of the unfolding tragedy. The poem below, dated June 8 1940, mourns the WW2 dismemberment of Poland that was followed shortly by the “resettlement” and murder of up to 18,000 Hungarian Jews in Galicia/Ukraine. Its author entered the storm deliberately with notebook in hand to record the brutality and chaos of the Holocaust in orderly classical metre.





The moon is rocking on a foaming sky –

I am amazed that I’m alive.

Tenacious death is searching through our time;

its breath turns people ashen.


The year looks back from time to time and screams

appalled, and looks again and faints.

What pain-dulled autumn skulks once more behind me,

and what a ruinous winter!


The woodland bled, and in the whirling time

each hour bled. And in the snow

the scrawling wind recorded dreadful numbers

upon the killing fields.


I’ve lived to see a lot. The air is weighty.

A lukewarm silence masking tiny 

disturbing, distant, muffled sounds surrounds

me – like before my birth.


At last, I pause. I rest beneath a tree.

It rustles in a frightening rage.

A branch then reaches down. To throttle me?

I’m neither frail nor faint-hearted,


just tired. So I freeze. The hostile branch

frisks through my hair in nervous silence.

I should forget it… No, I’ve never yet

forgotten anything.


The rushing foam engulfs the climbing moon.

A streak of dark-green poison creeps

across the sky. I slowly roll a cigarette,

with care. Still, I’m alive.


HUNMILIATED JEWISH CAPTIVES forced to dig their own grave before their murder by a unit of the Hungarian invasion force on the Eastern Front during an earlier phase of WW2. This photograph, taken by First Lieutenant József Mélion, was one of many produced by soldiers for their folks back home, demonstrating the institutionalized, casual cruelty of the army in its treatment of the conquered civilians.





I am a poet, and I’d be rejected 

even if I mumbled in disgrace,

de-daa, de-daa… no matter: lots of devils

are happy to sing in my place.


I’ve justified, believe me, every caution,

the searching eyes and ears of every sleuth!

For I’m a poet destined for the stake,

a witness who tells the truth.


A poet – and I’ve noted what I’ve seen,

that snow is white and blood and poppies red

and that the poppies’ downy stems are green.*


I know my own blood shall in time be spilled

...for I have never killed.


*Red, white & green: the Hungarian tricolour.






The door bursts into laughter: she arrives.

The flowerpots greet her with secret trembles,

and in her hair a sleepy, slim, blonde streak

chirps up: the tiny cry of a frightened sparrow.


In turn, an aging light-flex shouts with joy

and twists its awkward shapes in space towards her.

All objects spin around. I can’t keep track.


She has come home, she’d been away all day.

She holds a petal of a giant poppy

and uses that to drive away my death.





MIKLÓS RADNÓTI (1909-1944), probably the greatest among the world’s Holocaust poets. He was a Hungarian patriot murdered by the Hungarian Army as a Jew while displaying a white armband marking his well-documented, sincere conversion to Catholicism. English translations of his final poems eventually found on his body have attracted a robust international reputation.



THOMAS ORSZÁG-LAND is a poet and award-winning foreign correspondent who writes for New English Review from Europe and the Middle East. His last book was Survivors: Hungarian Jewish Poets of the Holocaust (Smokestack/England, 2014), and his last E-chapbook, Reading for Rush Hour: A Pamphlet in Praise of Passion (Snakeskin/England, 2016).


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